It is a very common question “What is the first step” to start applying for master’s studies in Germany. I’m writing this post based on my opinion and experience.

University selection

In my opinion, it is important to select the university at the first step. There are several reasons and also advantages. If you have selected the university at first, you will know the IELTS requirements of the universities in which you are interested. It means you will have a goal to achieve. It will be helpful for the preparation.

What happens if you do IELTS first?

If you do the IELTS first, then you can search for the universities only based on your IELTS band. In case if you get (or have got) a low IELTS band and it’s not enough for your desired university, you should repeat the IELTS. It is too costly and also requires time.

Steps for IELTS

Here are some of the easiest ways for you to achieve your goal.

Decide the type of test

General Training test or Academic test

Understand the test format

Understand the different sections and also its contents

Understand different question types

Collect and understand all the types of questions that you may get it in the exam

Understand the criteria of the marks

Every question in each section has different marks. Understand it well

Set the goals for IELTS band

Based on your ability and preparation, set a realistic goal

Improve your vocabulary

Learn new vocabulary and use it in the correct sentences.

Write mock tests

Free materials are available on the internet and official IELTS practice materials are also available

Check your progress

Make a chart and compare your daily results

Fine-tune your skills

Read or watch the experience of others and improve your skills

Attend the exam

Concentrate well and write the exam without any pressure

Basic information regarding IELTS

IELTS types

There are two different types of IELTS test.

  • IELTS General Training test
  • IELTS Academic test

IELTS test sections

Both the above-mentioned testsconsist of four different sections.

  • Writing
  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Speaking

There are differences between the IELTS Academic test and IELTS General Training tests.

  • The listening and speaking tests are the same for both IELTS academic and general.
  • The writing and reading tests are different for both. IELTS academic and general.

The writing and reading test topics in the IELTS Academic test are suitable for entering the university. It is necessary to do IELTS academic to study in Germany. On the other hand, the topics in the IELTS General Training test are based on general interest.

Booking for an exam

There are two different possibilities to do an IELTS exam.


The writing, reading and listening will be conducted in a single session. It will be with a group of people.

The speaking will be conducted as a separate session. The speaking test is the same as the IELTS Academic test and IELTS General Training test. It takes approximately 11-14 minutes. This test is a face-to-face interview. There will not any disruptions or distractions. The test will be very well structured and the discussions will be on a familiar topic.

Different ways for preparation

There are several possibilities to prepare for the IELTS exam.

  • Coaching centre
  • Online training
  • Self-preparation

Coaching centre

One of the most common ways to prepare for the IELTS exam is through the coaching centre. There are many coaching centres available in the big cities. It is important to choose a reliable training centre with a very good coach. So make more research and also get the opinion from others before joining the coaching centre.

Online training

It is also possible to do the online training for the IELTS test. There are several online services available. It is important to choose a more reliable service.

Self preparation

The IELTS self-preparation is helpful for people who are already good at English. Apart from that, it will also be helpful for the people who are learning through coaching centre and online training. The preparation materials are available online. You can buy those and start preparation.

Here are some of the book which helps you for the self preparation.

Aoart from that you can also find many books in the below link.

Online exams

There are free online exams available on the internet. Make use of it and practice well before the IELTS exam. There are several IELTS preparation and examination videos available. Watching that will help you to get some idea for the exam. Invest more time for the preparation which will help you to score good bands.

Group preparation

Apart from all the above-mentioned tips, Group preparation (preparing along with your friends or other aspirants) is highly appreciable for IELTS as you can do mock speaking tests with your friends and get instant feedback or suggestions. If there is a possibility, I highly recommend finding a suitable partner and set up a learning plan.

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